Iceland is an island of 103,000 km2 (39,756 sq. miles), situated on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, a hot spot of geothermal and volcanic activity. Natural hot water is used for heating most houses, keeping Icelandic air, famous for its freshness and cleanliness.
The population of Iceland was 318,000 inhabitants in 2010, of which more than half resided in Reykjavik, Iceland's capital and the surrounding towns.
Icelandic is the official language, but English is widely spoken. Iceland is on Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) but does not go on daylight savings time.
Despite the northerly location of Iceland, its climate is much milder than might be expected, especially in winter, and thanks to the gulf stream it is much warmer than other locations at the same latitude.